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  • Child Abuse

    Child Abuse

    The Jefferson County Sheriff’s Department investigates cases of physical and sexual abuse against children 14 years old and under.  The department works closely with Child Welfare Services and local  advocacy groups to protect the children of Jefferson County.

    Five children every day in America die from abuse and neglect (source: Every Child Matters). More than half a million children suffer neglect or abuse every year (source: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services).

    In the fight against child abuse, knowledge is our strongest weapon. The more you know about it, the more you can do to help those who have already been victimized and to prevent it from happening again. We ask that you take action by spreading awareness and education in your community. Learn about the signs and symptoms abuse or take a pledge to help out parents in your neighborhood.

    We want to credit Prevent Child Abuse America and the American Humane Association for the following information.

    Step 1: Evaluate Situations for Child Abuse

    Sometimes you think you see adults abusing children in public and you don’t know whether you should get involved, or how. Is it your business when you see parents hitting, slapping or otherwise hurting their children? Can you help? The answer is yes.

    Although most parents want to be good parents, sometimes factors such as job loss, abuse as a child, substance abuse, mental health concerns, lack of information, lack of parenting skills, or other problems create stress and reduce coping skills. You may be able to diffuse a minor situation by taking the time to calmly offer help and support.

    Some hints when talking to adults about the children in their care include:

    • Be helpful and supportive, rather than judgmental and critical.
    • Strike up a conversation with the adult and be empathetic. Say something like “My child did the same thing the other day,” or “Being a parent/grandparent/babysitter can be tough sometimes, can’t it?”
    • Focus attention on the child, saying, “He or she sure has a lot of energy.”
    • Paying attention to the child may divert the parent’s anger.

    You should try to help if:

    • A child will be physically hurt.
    • A child’s overall well-being is threatened.
    • You are uncomfortable with a situation involving a child.

    If you cannot help by talking to the parent, or the situation is more serious than you can handle, then go on to Step 2: Report Child Abuse.

    Step 2: Reporting Child Abuse

    Deciding what to do when you suspect child abuse or neglect can be a difficult and confusing process. Remember, you do not need to make a decision about whether abuse or neglect occurred; you are just reporting your concerns. If it is determined that the child may be in immediate danger, a social worker and/or law enforcement officer will make a home visit within a few hours of receiving notification. If there is not an immediate danger, a social worker will investigate within three to ten days of receiving a call if it is determined that the child may be at risk.

    A child may be counting on you to make that call. You can take action. Don’t hesitate. You could save a life.

    • If you think that a child is in immediate danger, you should call your local police or 911.

    Help Prevent Child Abuse

    Child abuse prevention is a community issue. You can make a difference in the life of a child in your community. We should be more aware and involved in helping to protect our children and support families to prevent abuse and neglect before it occurs.

    Reach out to Parents

    Anything you do to support kids and parents in your family and extended community helps to reduce the likelihood of child abuse and neglect.

    • Offer to baby-sit so parents can get a break.
    • Arrange a weekly or bi-weekly play date so parents can discuss experiences or problems while the kids play.
    • If you are a grandparent, take a different grandchild each week to relieve some pressure on their parents.
    • If you are a supervisor, encourage flex- and comp-time arrangements so parents can deal with daily child-care and emergencies without the stress of workplace repercussions.
    • If you are a preschool teacher, establish informal monthly meetings for parents to trade tips on parenting and schooling.
    • Canvass members of a club to find people available to provide babysitting for children under 2.
    • Be a good listener for the parents you know. Let them talk about their trials and triumphs.
    • If you are a doctor or work at a doctor’s office, locate and distribute literature on children’s health issues and activities.
    • Work with a PTA to create a parenting class and offer babysitting for parents to help them attend.
    • Offer rides to neighborhood children’s activities.
    • Volunteer as a big brother or club leader to help kids and give parents some free time.

    Recognizing Child Abuse:

    Child abuse is divided into four types — physical abuse, neglect, sexual abuse, and emotional maltreatment — the types are more typically found in combination than alone. A physically abused child for example is often emotionally maltreated as well, and a sexually abused child may be also neglected. Any child at any age may experience any of the types of child abuse.


    • Shows sudden changes in behavior or school performance
    • Withdrawal
    • Loss of appetite, eating disorder
    • Is always watchful, as though preparing for something bad to happen
    • Has not received help for physical or medical problems brought to the parents’ attention
    • Has learning problems that cannot be attributed to specific physical or psychological causes; a fall in grades in school
    • Lacks adult supervision
    • Is overly compliant, an overachiever, or too responsible
    • Comes to school early, stays late, and does not want to go home
    • Lack of self-confidence; poor relationships with other children

    The Parent:

    • Shows little concern for the child, rarely responding to the school’s requests for information, for conferences, or for home visits
    • Denies the existence of — or blames the child for — the child’s problems in school or at home
    • Asks the classroom teacher to use harsh physical discipline if the child misbehaves
    • Sees the child entirely bad, worthless, or burdensome
    • Demands perfection or a level of physical or academic performance the child cannot achieve; or looks primarily to the child for care, attention, and satisfaction of emotional needs

    Signs of Physical Abuse:

    Consider the possibility of physical abuse when the child:

    • Has unexplained burns, bites, bruises, broken bones, or black eyes
    • Has fading bruises or other marks noticeable after an absence from school
    • Seems frightened of the parents and protests or cries when it is time to go home from school
    • Shrinks at the approach of adults
    • Reports injury by a parent or another adult caregiver

    Consider the possibility of physical abuse when the parent or other adult caregiver:

    • Offers conflicting, unconvincing, or no explanation for the child’’s injury
    • Describes the child as “evil,” or in some other very negative way
    • Uses harsh physical discipline with the child
    • Has a history of abuse as a child.

    Signs of Neglect

    Consider the possibility of neglect when the child:

    • Is frequently absent from school
    • Begs or steals food or money from classmates
    • Lacks needed medical or dental care, immunizations, or glasses
    • Is consistently dirty and has severe body odor
    • Lacks sufficient clothing for the weather
    • Abuses alcohol or other drugs
    • States there is no one at home to provide care

    Consider the possibility of neglect when the parent or other adult caregiver:

    • Appears to be indifferent to the child
    • Seems apathetic or depressed
    • Behaves irrationally or in a bizarre manner
    • Is abusing alcohol or other drugs

    Signs of Sexual Abuse

    Consider the possibility of sexual abuse when the child:

    • Has difficulty walking or sitting
    • Suddenly refuses to change for gym or to participate in physical activities
    • Clinginess; fear of being left alone with a particular person or at a particular place
    • Recurrent nightmares; disturbed sleep patterns; sudden fear of the dark
    • Sudden regression to infantile behavior such as bedwetting, thumb sucking, excessive crying
    • Desire to engage in self destructive behavior such as biting oneself, pulling out hair, wrist-cutting
    • May express unusual interest or knowledge about sexual matters, express affection in inappropriate ways for a child his or her age
    • Demonstrates bizarre, sophisticated, or unusual sexual knowledge or behavior
    • Becomes pregnant or contracts a venereal disease, particularly if under age fourteen
    • Runs away
    • Reports sexual abuse by a parent or another adult caregiver

    Consider the possibility of sexual abuse when the parent or other adult caregiver:

    • Is unduly protective of the child, severely limits the child’s contact with other children, especially of the opposite sex
    • Is secretive and isolated
    • Describes marital difficulties involving family power struggles or sexual relations

    Signs of Emotional Maltreatment

    Consider the possibility of emotional maltreatment when the child:

    • Shows extremes in behavior, such as overly compliant or demanding behavior, extreme passivity or aggression
    • Is either inappropriately adult (parenting other children, for example) or inappropriately infantile (frequently rocking or head-banging, for example)
    • Is delayed in physical or emotional development
    • Has attempted suicide
    • Reports a lack of attachment to the parent

    Consider the possibility of emotional maltreatment when the parent or other adult caregiver:

    • Constantly blames, belittles, or berates the child
    • Is unconcerned about the child and refuses to consider offers of help for the child’s school problems
    • Overtly rejects the child
  • Elder Abuse

    Elder Abuse

    Washington State law under RCW TITLE 74, CHAPTER 74.34.020 defines Elder abuse, or vulnerable adult, as “the willful action or inaction that inflicts injury, unreasonable confinement, intimidation, or punishment on a vulnerable adult. In instances of abuse of a vulnerable adult who is unable to express or demonstrate physical harm, pain, or mental anguish, the abuse is presumed to cause physical harm, pain, or mental anguish. Abuse includes sexual abuse, mental abuse, physical abuse, and personal exploitation of a vulnerable adult, and improper use of restraint against a vulnerable adult”.

    The Jefferson County Sheriff’s Department investigates crimes against elders and dependent adults within the department’s contract cities and unincorporated areas. The department is committed to the successful prosecution of those committing crimes against elders and dependent adults.

    For more information or to help stop elder abuse, visit the ? or call the ?

    If you or someone you know is a victim of elder or dependent abuse, contact the Jefferson County Sheriff’s Department at (360) 385-3831


    Types of Abuse: Physical, Sexual, Emotional, Financial, Neglect

        • Physical – striking, hitting, pushing, shoving, physical restraint, lack of medical care
        • Sexual- Non-consensual acts, sexual assault, sexual exploitation
        • Emotional/Psychological-threats, insults, intimidation, harassment, isolation
        • Financial- fraud, forgery, identity theft, scams, embezzlement
        • Neglect- Denial of or inadequate food, clothing, shelter, medical care, provision for basic needs

    To learn more about types of abuse click here: National Center on Elder Abuse

    Possible Signs of Abuse:

        • Bruises, swelling, fractures, cuts, wounds, rope marks or unexplained/untreated injuries
        • Sudden changes in behavior
        • Report from medical professional of possible abuse
        • Caregiver’s refusal to allow visitors to see elder alone

    For more information on San Diego’s local advocacy agencies click on one of following the links:


    Identity theft is the obtaining of the personal identifying information of another person and the use of that information for any unlawful purpose. Never give out any personal identifying information unless you initiated the call and know who you are talking to. To learn more about Identity Theft and how you can protect yourself against.</p

    Identity Theft click on one or more of the following links:


    Criminals are targeting the elderly with numerous scams designed to earn your trust and steal your money. Often these scams seem like legitimate causes, or even opportunities to help the less fortunate. But they are not. Sadly some people make their “living” by using fraud and deceit to trick unwitting victims into giving them money. Always confirm the cause is legitimate before sending any money. An honest person or business won’t mind if you check their legitimacy, a scammer will.

    To learn more about scams and how to protect yourself or a loved one click on one or more of the following links: